Teeth whitening is considered to be one way to increase self-confidence. There are many ways that have been tried to whiten teeth. However, it turns out that not all methods are effective.
Teeth whitening can be done independently at home with over-the-counter products. However, the results of this method can be different for each person and carry their own risks. In addition, even though they require higher funds, dentists can provide teeth whitening services with less risk and maximum results.
How to Whiten Teeth at Home
Banana peel , apple cider vinegar, coconut oil , turmeric, cheese, milk, strawberries, even urine are some natural ingredients that are considered to whiten teeth. However, there are no studies that prove that these ingredients are effective as a teeth whitening method. On the other hand, there are actually various over-the-counter products on the market that can be used to whiten teeth without having to go to the dentist. Check it out below.
- Baking soda
Baking soda is proven to be effective in removing stains on teeth, making teeth brighter. Studies have also found that toothpastes containing baking soda are more effective at removing plaque from teeth than those without baking soda . However, the use of baking soda needs to be done carefully because it can be harmful to sensitive gums and teeth.
- Whitening strips ( whitening strips )
Whitening strips in the form of thin sheets coated with a whitening gel containing peroxide can be applied to the teeth according to the instructions. The results can be seen in a matter of days, and it is claimed to last up to approximately 4 months. There are different types of whitening strip products with different instructions. Generally, whitening strips are applied to the teeth for two weeks, twice a day, for 30 minutes each.
- Whitening Gel
Whitening gel is a clear, peroxide-based gel that is applied to the surface of the teeth with a small toothbrush. Each product has different instructions that need to be followed carefully. Results can be seen within a few days and can last up to about four months.
- Bleach rinse
A bleach rinse containing hydrogen peroxide works like a mouthwash. This rinse helps reduce plaque and sore gums, and freshens breath. This product is usually used to rinse your mouth before brushing your teeth, for about 60 seconds twice a day. This product is less risky than other products, and will only see results in 3 months.
- Whitening toothpaste
Whitening toothpaste contains abrasives that help remove stains from your teeth, such as stains from drinking coffee or smoking. Some over-the-counter toothpastes may contain hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide, which helps to lighten the color of your teeth one level lighter. Toothpaste is used twice a day and can only show results in two to six weeks. However, keep in mind that whitening toothpaste cannot change the natural color of your teeth.
Observing the various forms and ways of using the above products is expected to make you choose the right teeth whitening product.
Teeth Whitening Techniques at the Doctor
The level of safety and effectiveness of whitening teeth independently compared to treatment at the doctor is relatively different. Over-the-counter teeth whitening products generally contain lower levels of ingredients than dental care products. In addition, the work done by a dentist is more professional than doing it yourself.
Dentists can also use whitening products as a means of whitening their patients' teeth. Bleaching products and whitening toothpastes are two commonly used products. However, teeth whitening products at the dentist may contain stronger ingredients, which can make teeth three to eight shades brighter. The following are various teeth whitening techniques performed by dentists:
- Bleach mold
The dentist will make an impression based on the shape of your tooth, so that it fits perfectly on the tooth and minimizes contact of the gel on the gums. Patients use dental impressions containing this carbamide peroxide bleaching gel for 2–4 hours a day. If used regularly, within a few days, this product can brighten teeth up to 1-2 levels. This cross section can also be sold freely in the market. But the size of the all size makes it difficult to fit right on each person.
- In-office bleach
In-office whitener is a product that whitens teeth the fastest because of its high peroxide concentration. Therefore, before use, the gingival tissue of the teeth needs to be protected first.
- whitening laser
Laser whitening is the use of a bleaching product followed by a laser beam that is directly directed at the teeth for approximately one hour to activate the whitening agent. This procedure takes up to about an hour.
Make sure you follow your doctor's instructions for maximum results.
Not for Everyone
As with all treatment methods, even the dentist's whitening of teeth can carry risks. Therefore, the following groups are advised not to whiten their teeth.
- Children or youth under 16 years of age. Teeth whitening procedures can cause the pulp to become sensitive or experience. At this time, the pulp chamber and nerves of the tooth are still developing at that age.
- Pregnant and lactating women.
- People who have sensitive teeth and gums, as well as thinning gums.
- People who are allergic to peroxide.
- People who have cavities, exposed tooth roots, have gum disease, and damaged enamel.
- Restored teeth. The use of crowns or dental fillings cannot be whitened, so that discoloration of the teeth will not affect the appearance of teeth
People with certain conditions, such as those who have undergone dental restorations, may consult a doctor to try other methods such as veneers or bonding . While other conditions, such as smoking, need to break the habit if teeth whitening is to be truly effective.
To Keep Teeth White
There are simple ways you can do to keep your teeth white after undergoing treatment. Among others:
- Limit consumption of foods and drinks that can cause discoloration of teeth, such as red wine, coffee, and tea. Drinking through a straw can minimize the risk. Immediately rinse or brush your teeth after consuming this type of drink.
- Brush your teeth twice a day on a regular basis, use an antiseptic mouthwash , and dental floss once a day to remove plaque. You can use whitening toothpaste up to two times a week to remove the plaque that has formed.
Teeth whitening can last from half to a year. After that you will need to re-treat, especially if you are a smoker and like to consume drinks that trigger tooth discoloration.