Topical Acyclovir are foreign drugs to cope with blisters on the skin caused by the herpes simplex virus. This medicine is used by applying it to the infected area of the skin.
Topical acyclovir is used to relieve pain and accelerate the healing of blisters on the skin around the lips or genitals, as well as herpes in the eyes. Topical acyclovir also works to prevent the spread of the herpes virus in the patient's body.
In Indonesia, topical acyclovir (acyclovir) is available in the form of 5% ointment and cream for the skin, and 3% eye ointment. Dosage and the rules of use depend on the patient's condition.
Please note, topical acyclovir can not cure herpes, but only relieve symptoms and inhibit the development of infection. In addition, this drug also cannot prevent disease recurrence or transmission of infection to other people.
What Is Topical Acyclovir?
|The group||Antiviral drugs|
|Benefit||Overcoming the symptoms of herpes simplex on the skin|
|Pregnancy and breastfeeding category||Category B: Animal studies have not shown a risk to the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. Topical acyclovir is not known to be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without telling your doctor.|
|Drug form||Cream , skin ointment, eye ointment.|
Precautions Before Using Topical Acyclovir
- Do not use acyclovir ointment for the skin inside the eyes, nose, and mouth. If accidentally hit the part, rinse immediately with water. On herpes blisters that appear in the mouth, apply only around the outer lips.
- Before using acyclovir ointment, tell your doctor about your medical history, especially diseases that affect the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS .
- Talk to your doctor before using acyclovir ointment, especially if you are allergic to acyclovir or any of the other ingredients in this medicine.
- Acyclovir ointment does not prevent the transmission of the genital herpes virus. Avoid sexual intercourse until completely healed.
- Consult a doctor if after one week of using acyclovir ointment, symptoms still do not improve.
- Acyclovir ointment should not be used in children under 12 years of age.
Dosage and Instructions for Use of Topical Acyclovir
The following are the doses of topical acyclovir (aciclovir) based on the form of the drug:
Form: eye ointment
Condition: herpes eye .
Dosis : apply 5 times a day every 4 hours, until 3 days after recovery.
Form: ointment or skin cream
Condition: genital herpes and lips.
Dosis : Apply 5-6 times a day, for 5 to 10 days.
Topical acyclovir can also be used to treat blisters caused by shingles ( shingles ). However, the main treatment for shingles is with acyclovir tablets.
How to Use Topical Acyclovir correctly
Make sure to always follow the doctor's recommendations and read the instructions on the medicine package when using acyclovir ointment. In order to get optimal results, use acyclovir ointment as soon as possible since the initial symptoms of genital herpes appear.
Before applying acyclovir ointment or cream , clean and dry the area of skin to be applied. Apply the medicine slowly until it covers the infected skin area.
Always wash your hands before and after applying this medicine. If possible, use disposable rubber gloves to avoid spreading them to other parts of the body or spreading them to other people.
To speed healing of genital herpes, use topical acyclovir for as long as your doctor recommends. However, do not use topical acyclovir for longer than recommended by your doctor.
So that the effect of this drug does not disappear, do not bathe or swim after taking it.
Topical Acyclovir Interactions with Other Drugs
Topical acyclovir may decrease the effect of talimogene laherparepvec, a drug used to treat skin cancer .
Side Effects and Hazards Topical Acyclovir
Topical acyclovir can cause a number of side effects. Check with your doctor if you experience the following conditions while using topical acyclovir:
- Dry lips.
- Dry and peeling skin.
- Pain and burning in the skin.
- Itching, redness, and irritation in the area of the skin that is smeared.
- Swelling in the face and legs.
- Difficulty breathing and swallowing.