The number of teeth in adults and children is different. In children there are 20 milk teeth . S edangkan in adults , there are 32 permanent teeth. So that the number of teeth is not reduced and its function is maintained , dental care needs to be done early .
All baby teeth usually fall out and change into permanent teeth at the age of 12-14 years. At this age, a child's teeth that originally numbered 20 will increase to 32 when he grows up at the age of 17-21 years.
After 28 teeth, four additional teeth will grow to complete the total number of teeth to 32. The last teeth to erupt are called wisdom teeth .
Teeth are the hardest part of the human body. The main function of teeth is to digest food in the mouth, which is to tear, chew, and grind food. In addition, teeth also affect the ability and clarity in speech.
Each tooth has a different location, shape, and role. Here are the types of adult teeth:
- The incisors are
located in the middle of the row of teeth and consist of 8 pieces, namely 4 in the upper jaw and 4 in the lower jaw. These teeth have a role to bite and cut food.
- The canines
canines amounted to 4 pieces, namely two in the upper jaw and two in the lower jaw. It is located next to the incisors and serves to tear food.
premolar amounted to 8 pieces. It is located between the canines and the molars. The function of these teeth is to chew and grind food.
molars are 8 pieces and it's in the back row of teeth or adjacent to the inner cheek. These teeth serve to grind food until it is soft.
- Wisdom teeth or wisdom teeth Wisdom
teeth are 4 pieces. The presence of these teeth can sometimes interfere with the position of other teeth, so they must be removed through surgery. Just like premolars, wisdom teeth also play a role in chewing and grinding food.
The Benefits of Taking Care of Your Teeth From an Early Age
In order for the number of adult teeth to remain 32 and their condition intact, it is recommended that you take care of your teeth as early as possible. Taking care of your teeth is not only about keeping them clean, but also paying attention to their arrangement and shape. Normal teeth should be free of cavities, strong, and neatly arranged.
One of the important steps in dental care is to have regular dental check-ups with the dentist , early on. This examination should even have been done since childhood.
When examining the teeth, the dentist will evaluate the shift and alignment of the teeth between the upper and lower jaws. The advantages of examining and treating teeth early are:
- Detecting problems with teeth, such as cavities , caries , or tartar.
- Reduces the risk of protruding upper incisors.
- Adjust the width of the tooth curve.
- Maintain normal jaw growth.
- Improve speech disorders due to abnormalities in the teeth.
- Improve facial and dental esthetics.
- Reduces the chance of permanent teeth growing in the wrong position.
Teeth not only function to bite and chew food, but also affect the appearance of the face. The number of adult teeth can be reduced if not treated properly. If they have been damaged or fallen out, adult teeth will be difficult to repair and unlikely to grow back. Therefore, take good care of your teeth.