Central Chemistry

How to Search for International Journals on Google Scholar

The author has shared in the previous article about how to create a scientific journal, so now the author will discuss how to search for int...

Saturday, October 23, 2021

The Group 1 elements

The Group 1 elements

Sodium and potassium are abundant in nature and can be found as salts such as chlorides. Lithium is a rare element that is found primarily in the mineral spodumene LiAlSi2O6. Rubidium and caesium are even rarer, but they can be found in reasonable amounts in minerals like zeolite pollucite (Cs2Al2Si4O12.nH2O). Electrolysis of molten metal chloride extracts sodium and lithium metals. Rubidium and caesium are obtained by reacting metal chloride with calcium or barium and potassium is obtained by reacting KCl with sodium metal.

LabCollector LIMS

LabCollector LIMS

What exactly is the LabCollector LIMS?

LabCollector is a lab and notebook software package that includes everything you need. Built on the foundation of independent modules that can communicate with one another, LabCollector will manage a wide range of useful laboratory data. It's one-of-a-kind, affordable, expandable, and includes a customizable collaborative interface that can be tailored to your needs. Aside from that, it includes an Electronic Lab Notebook (ELN) as well as numerous other add-ons (workflows, sensors monitoring, service management...). LabCollector is available as a cloud-based service or as an on-premises solution.

How to Search for International Journals on Google Scholar

How to Search for International Journals on Google Scholar

The author has shared in the previous article about how to create a scientific journal, so now the author will discuss how to search for international journals on Google Scholar or other websites.

For those who compose a final project, scientific paper, or other research, valid and reliable references are needed to strengthen the argument in the research.

References can come from theses, books, dissertations, journals, etc.

Journals are often used to find references because of their concise flow and more diverse and up-to-date topics.

But unfortunately, sometimes there are some topics that have not been covered by national journals.

If the topic you need cannot be found in national journals, international journals can be the solution.

Then what sites can we use to search for international journals?

Here are 8 recommendations for international journal sites that you can use as a reference source.

How to Find Free International Journals

Nowadays, finding journals is not as difficult as it used to be. With the advancement of internet technology, there are now many online journals scattered in cyberspace.

Starting from national journals to international journals. This international journal is a very powerful reference in conducting scientific research or thesis.

But there are still many people who are confused about how to find international journals. Here is the web to find international journals.

1. How to Search for International Journals on Google Scholar

Before proceeding to how to search for international journals on Google Scholar, there are features in Google Scholar that you need, such as the following:

  • Providing literature from various fields of science
  • making it easier for users to get references
  • Provide full text documents or articles
  • Allows to follow the latest developments or research issues
  • Can be used to check cited works View full-text documents or articles

as the author explains Features on Google Scholar you can search for international journals through this platform.

Here's how to find international journals through Google Scholar:Google

1. Go to the Scholar website at Scholar.google.com

2. On the home screen a search screen will appear as in Google search

3. Type the keyword you want to search for . For example, you want to search for the journal "Covid-19 Treatment in Children". Then type this word as a keyword in the previous search

4. After that, Google Scholar will display several documents related to the topic.

5. Open the search results and make sure the reference you will use is in accordance with the requirements of the international journal mentioned above, so that the reference can be said to be reliable in providing information

6. Directly click on the search result or right-click the PDF file, then select “Download”.

On the left side of the same page, you can narrow the search to what you want to find.

From the moment the journal is published, the search results are also sorted.

How to Find Recent Journals on Google Scholar

Actually there are many things you can do to get the latest and relevant articles.

  • If you want to search for more recent articles, select the option on the left of the Since Years screen.
  • To view and sort the new sheet by relevance, click Sort by Date.
  • Click the envelope icon to get regular new results to email.


ScienceDirect provides articles and books in addition to international journals. This includes both paid and free.

Just look for it in the Open Access section. Just enter the keywords you're looking for, and the journal title and summary will appear in the column.

Link: http://sciencedirect.com

3. Research Gate

This site is a gathering place for an online community of researchers.

Researchers can download journals or order journals for free or for free.

To register using the institution or campus email. You can go to each campus to ask for a student's personal email

link: https://www.researchgate.net/

4 Easy Ways to Publish Scopus International Journals for Free

4 Easy Ways to Publish Scopus International Journals for Free

Many academics have difficulty finding Scopus indexed journals. One of the problems is the access fee applied by a number of publishers. In fact, you can also get it for free. How to? Check out the easy ways to publish Scopus international journals for free below.

The Easy Way to Publish Scopus International Journals

The following is the easiest way so that you can publish a scientific journal that has been created.

1. Get to know more about Scopus

Before getting into how to publish a Scopus journal, you should know more about Scopus itself. Really, what is a Scopus indexed international journal? How is the process of submitting articles to international journals? Here's the answer.

Scopus is a referral portal that presents various research results of high reputation from academics around the world. Every research journal that is included in the Scopus list has gone through a rigorous curation stage. Starting from the search for originality, research time, to the quality of writing.

Wednesday, October 20, 2021

Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

What exactly does a diagnostic medical sonographer do all day long?

A diagnostic medical sonographer, also known as a sonographer, is a medical professional who uses imaging equipment and soundwaves to create images of various parts of the body, known as ultrasounds, for diagnosis and treatment. They have received specialized training in the acquisition and analysis of sonographic images. These images are used to assist doctors in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of medical conditions.

Because ultrasound is a non-invasive method of visualizing internal organs, it is frequently used as the first imaging test when a disease is discovered or suspected. In this context, diagnostic medical sonographers play an important role in the administration and interpretation of initial imaging tests that may help narrow down a patient's diagnosis and expedite the delivery of necessary medical care to the patient.

The scope of the practice

The following are examples of typical job duties, roles, and responsibilities for a diagnostic medical sonographer:

  • Operation of imaging equipment, as well as examination of images to ensure that they are of high quality and useful for diagnosis
  • Differentiating between normal and abnormal imaging results, communicating a summary of the results to physicians or other health-care professionals, and alerting physicians to urgent problems are all responsibilities of radiologists.
  • Prepare patients for procedures and keep them informed throughout the ultrasound examination
  • Patient medical history review, recording imaging results in patient records, and coordinating care with various departments within the hospital or clinic are all examples of what this position entails.

Doctors, nurses, and patients of all ages, from infants to the elderly, collaborate with diagnostic medical sonographers in their work. Magnetic resonance imaging technologists and radiation technologists, both of whom assist with the performance and interpretation of MRI scans and X-rays, respectively, play similar roles in the diagnostic imaging field.


Diagnostic medical sonographers can specialize in a wide range of fields depending on their training. A vascular technologist, for example, is someone who creates images of blood vessels. Obstetric and gynecologic sonographers are someone who specializes in imaging the female reproductive system. Other specialized sonographers may specialize in imaging the abdomen, the musculoskeletal system, or blood vessels, among other areas of expertise. An echocardiographer is a sonographer who specializes in imaging the heart. They provide visualizations of patients' heart valves and cardiac arteries, and they are also known as cardiac sonographers. However, while some employers may prefer highly specialized sonographers, many general sonographer positions will require imaging experience in a number of different fields.

In the workplace, there is an atmosphere of respect and consideration for others.

When working in a hospital or clinic, diagnostic medical sonographers are frequently found performing ultrasound procedures at the bedside of patients, but they may also be found working with imaging machines in a dedicated room within the facility. Depending on their employer, most diagnostic medical sonographers work full-time, though some may be required to work evenings, weekends, and holidays in addition to their regular hours. The position frequently requires you to be on your feet for the majority of the workday.

While diagnostic medical sonographers are most often found in hospitals, they can also find work in doctor's offices, medical and diagnostic labs, and other places of employment. Diagnostic medical sonographers perform similar tasks whether they work in hospitals, clinics, or specialized laboratories. If they work for a large hospital or health system, however, they may be exposed to a wider range of disease states or may be able to specialize in certain areas.

Becoming a diagnostic medical sonographer is a rewarding career.

Medical diagnostic sonographers who are successful in their careers have a strong understanding of anatomy and a keen eye for subtle changes in imaging results. They also have a passion for anatomy, are detail-oriented, and pay close attention to imaging protocols. It is necessary to have good interpersonal skills when working with a variety of patient populations and when communicating imaging results to other health care professionals. Working as a medical diagnostic sonographer may be an excellent choice for those who want to gain highly technical skills while also interacting with others on a daily basis. The position requires a combination of focused medical knowledge, hand-eye coordination, and a strong desire to see that patients receive the medical treatment they require.

Requirements for postsecondary education

There are a variety of educational paths that one can take to become a diagnostic medical sonographer. Following high school, the typical path includes the following steps:

  • Obtaining an associate or bachelor's degree, with coursework in the sciences and anatomy, is a good starting point for this career.
  • Obtaining a certificate in diagnostic medical sonography after completing the program. Diagnostic medical sonography certificate programs include both educational courses that are specific to diagnostic medical sonography training and clinical experiences. Certificate programs are offered through a variety of institutions, including colleges, universities, and teaching hospitals.

Obtaining certification as a diagnostic medical sonographer is essential.

In addition, many employers require candidates to have completed a professional sonography certification as well as basic life support training, or to complete certification within a short period of time after being hired, before being considered. Certification for sonographers is available from a number of organizations, including the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers (ARDMS), Cardiovascular Credentialing International, and the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists. Diagnostic medical sonographers who have received advanced certifications will typically practice under the title of registered diagnostic medical sonographer (RDMS), although some may choose to practice under the title of certified diagnostic medical sonographer (CDMS).

A diagnostic medical sonographer's job prospects are favorable.

With an aging population, there will be an increased demand for medical conditions to be diagnosed using affordable imaging technology. In order to provide an alternative to radiation imaging techniques, sonographers will be required. The Bureau of Labor Statistics anticipates that this profession will grow at a rate significantly faster than the national average over the next decade. In the United States, the average salary for a diagnostic medical sonographer is $75,900, with the amount earned depending on experience, certification, and geographic location.

Some sonographers may advance to supervisory positions or become advanced sonographers as a result of additional training and educational opportunities. Some sonographers will be able to advance their careers by earning an advanced degree and working as educators or researchers.

What Is Sonography and How Does It Work? When it comes to sonography and ultrasound, what is the difference?

What Is Sonography and How Does It Work? When it comes to sonography and ultrasound, what is the difference?

Sonography is a medical imaging technique that creates images of internal body structures by using high-frequency sound waves to create the images. Sonography is also referred to as ultrasound in some circles. Ultrasound imaging is the second most commonly used diagnostic imaging technique, after X-ray imaging.

A medical condition can be diagnosed more accurately when the internal body structure can be seen in all of its dimensions, including its size, shape, and density. As a result, if the tissue is denser and harder, it will bounce more high-frequency sound waves back to the transducer, resulting in a brighter sonogram image. A transducer is a device that emits ultrasound waves and is used in the field of sonography. The high-frequency sound waves emitted by the transducer are inaudible because of their frequency.

What is the reason for this?

Sonography is used for a variety of applications. A skin incision is not required for this imaging technique, which is used for examining the abdomen. An abdominal ultrasound test can be used to diagnose the following conditions:

  • Kidney stone
  • Gallstone
  • Liver disease
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Enlarged organ

During pregnancy, sonography is frequently used to evaluate the development of the fetus. It can also be used to determine the location, age, and number of fetuses in a pregnancy, as well as the likelihood of birth defects.

Sunday, October 17, 2021

Golden Milk, The Contemporary Drink That Supports Body Health

Golden Milk, The Contemporary Drink That Supports Body Health

Golden milk is another term for a milk drink mixed with turmeric. Indonesians usually call turmeric milk. Although this traditional drink has been around for a long time, golden milk is now a trend as a health drink.

In its presentation, golden milk usually contains not only milk and turmeric , but also spices, such as cinnamon, cardamom , and ginger, to make the taste unique and delicious. This herb is often drunk to help increase endurance.

Recognize the Benefits of Consuming Golden Milk

Your Kitchen Provides Natural Cough Medicine Ingredients

Your Kitchen Provides Natural Cough Medicine Ingredients

Cough is a mild disease, but can be very annoying. Luckily, natural cough remedies don't have to look far, because some of them may be available in your kitchen.

One of the most significant effects of a coughing attack is reduced rest time. Coughing aims to clear the respiratory tract that is disturbed due to irritation, but still it is quite disturbing. Although coughing is actually normal, if it occurs for a prolonged period it can be a symptom of certain medical conditions, such as  allergies , viral or bacterial infections, and inflammation of the respiratory tract.

Natural Cough Medicine in the Kitchen

Not Just Lack Of Sleep, Here Are 8 Causes Of Panda Eyes That You Need To Know

Not Just Lack Of Sleep, Here Are 8 Causes Of Panda Eyes That You Need To Know

Panda eyes or dark circles under the eyes are often associated with sleep deprivation. However, lack of sleep is not the only cause of this condition. People who are dehydrated, aging, or suffering from certain diseases can also experience panda eyes.

Panda eyes can be experienced by anyone, both men and women. This condition is characterized by the eye bags that appear darker than the color of the facial skin . People who have panda eyes will look tired and older than their actual age.

Various Causes of Panda Eyes

Panda eye conditions can be caused by many things, including:

1. Lack of sleep

When you are sleep deprived, blood is not able to flow properly to the area around the eyes. As a result, blood that accumulates under the eyes can be seen because the skin in this area is very thin.

In addition to panda eyes, lack of sleep also makes the eyes look swollen and the facial appearance becomes dull .

2. Age factor

As we age, the skin becomes thinner and thinner. Slowly, the skin also begins to lose its elasticity. When this condition occurs, the blood vessels under the eyes will be more clearly visible so that panda eyes appear.

3. The habit of staring at the screen

Staring at a television, computer, or mobile phone screen for long periods of time can cause eye strain. This condition makes the blood vessels around the eyes dilate. As a result, the skin around the eyes becomes dark.

4. Genetic factors

Panda eyes can also be passed down in families, for example from parents to their children. In addition, people who have darker skin are also more at risk of developing panda eyes.

5. Dehydration

When the body is dehydrated or dehydrated , the skin under the eyes will look sunken and dull. This can also trigger the appearance of panda eyes.

6. The habit of smoking and drinking alcohol

Unhealthy lifestyles, such as smoking and alcohol consumption , can also cause panda eyes.

The effects of consuming alcohol and smoking, over time can make the blood flow in the facial skin becomes not smooth so that the circles around the eyes look darker like panda eyes.

In addition, smoking can also trigger the breakdown of collagen which makes the skin sagging and duller.

7. Sunlight display

Sun exposure can trigger the body to produce more melanin , the pigment that makes the skin darker. Exposure to sunlight that hits the eyes can cause pigmentation in the skin around the eyes, so that the color becomes darker.

8. Allergies

Allergic reactions and dry eyes can trigger dark circles. When you have an allergy, your body releases histamine in response to an allergy trigger. Histamine can cause blood vessels to dilate and become more visible, including under the eyes.

How to Overcome Panda Eyes

There are several ways you can do to treat panda eyes, including:

1. Eye compress

One way to get rid of panda eyes is to apply cold compresses to the eyes. The trick, wrap the ice cubes with a clean cloth. Next, close your eyes and place the cold compress for 20 minutes.

Cold compresses can reduce the dilation and discoloration of the blood vessels under the eyes.

2. Get enough sleep

Not only lack of sleep, too much sleep can also cause panda eyes. Therefore, get enough rest every night for 7-9 hours for adults.

3. Avoid smoking, caffeine and alcoholic beverages

Stop smoking or limit the consumption of caffeinated and alcoholic beverages, because all three can trigger dehydration which makes the area under the eyes dark.

4. Use cream

To treat panda eyes, you can also use a cream that contains retinol , caffeine, or vitamin C which can lighten dark circles under the eyes.

5. Cover it with makeup

The use of concealer under the eyes can also disguise panda eyes. Choose a concealer that matches your skin tone and apply a thin layer.

6. Wear sunglasses

To prevent the formation of panda eyes due to sun exposure, you can use sunglasses when you are outdoors.

7. Avoid rubbing your eyes

If you have an allergic reaction or feel itchy in your eyes, don't rub them. Avoid things that can trigger allergy symptoms and visit a doctor to get the right treatment.

If panda eyes don't fade or get worse after doing the various methods above, you should consult a doctor . The doctor will prescribe a special cream or recommend additional treatments, such as exfoliation or laser therapy, to treat panda eyes.

Benefits of Cucumber Mask for Facial Skin

Benefits of Cucumber Mask for Facial Skin

Cucumber is not only delicious to eat, drink, or serve as a cone decoration. This one fruit can also be used as a cucumber mask which has a myriad of properties to maintain the health and beauty of facial skin.

The center of the cucumber contains a lot of water, vitamin C, vitamin A, folate and caffeic acid which have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. So , do not be surprised if cucumbers are often sliced ​​thin and affixed to the face or tired eyes .

Even using a cucumber mask is believed to be able to cool the skin, reduce irritation and swelling of the skin, and treat acne and sunburn.

Cucumber Mask for Face

The following are the various benefits of cucumber masks for the face that you can feel and how to make them:

To treat oily skin

7 Easy and Practical Ways to Soften Hair

7 Easy and Practical Ways to Soften Hair

Soft and easy-to-manage hair is not the only thing you can get with hair treatments at the salon. There are also various ways to soften hair that are easy to do yourself at home. That way, you can get the hair of your dreams without the need to spend a lot of money.

Coarse, dull, and unruly hair can affect a person's appearance and self-confidence. Therefore, not a few men and women are trying to find ways to make their hair look soft and not tangled.

That said, soft hair is one of the characteristics of healthy and well-groomed hair , you know . Well, to make it happen, see how to soften hair that can make your days avoid bad hair days .

Various Ways to Soften Hair

There are various daily habits that you can apply as a way to soften your hair, including:

1. Choosing the right shampoo

The first step to soften your hair is to choose a shampoo according to your hair type. It is recommended that you choose a shampoo that is labeled 'sulphate free' or 'detergent free' and contains dimethicone .

The sulfate content can indeed remove dirt and excess oil from the hair . However, these substances can also damage hair and clog pores.

Don't just choose a hair serum

Don't just choose a hair serum

Hair serum has many functions, including helping to protect hair from the effects of sun damage and hair products, loosening hair so it doesn't tangle easily, and making hair shinier. However , you have to be smart in choosing a hair serum so that you can get the maximum benefits.

In the medical definition, serum is a liquid that has a high content of certain substances, especially protein. In the world of beauty, hair serum is known as one of a series of hair care products in the form of a concentrated liquid containing a variety of nutrients to maintain healthy hair . Some men's hair oils sometimes also come with a serum.

Most hair serum products are water based, so they get absorbed quickly into the scalp and hair roots. When choosing a hair serum, you need to consider what ingredients are in it.

List of Nutrients in Choosing the Right Hair Serum

Hair serum with the following nutritional content can be the right choice to maintain healthy hair and help overcome hair problems.

  • Biotin
    To help overcome the problem of hair loss , you can choose a serum with biotin content. Biotin, also known as vitamin H or vitamin B7, is a type of water-soluble B-complex vitamin that is good for hair health. Biotin is a popular nutrient for hair loss treatment.
  • Vitamin D
    Serum with vitamin D content is also good for helping to overcome the problem of hair loss. Vitamin D in hair serum serves to stimulate hair growth and hair follicle activity. A number of studies have stated that serum containing vitamin D can reduce the severity of alopecia (hair baldness).
  • Zinc
    Hair serum with zinc content can also be the right choice to maintain healthy hair, especially to overcome the problem of hair loss and regulate hair growth. Zinc is one of the nutrients that can maintain the formation of oil in the hair and maintain healthy hair follicles. Zinc deficiency is a known cause of hair thinning and loss.
  • Hair
    protein Inadequate protein intake can be the cause of brittle hair, dullness, and even baldness. So, you need a hair serum containing protein, amino acids, and panthenol which are believed to be effective for making hair softer, smoother, and shinier.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids
    Hair serum containing omega-3 fatty acids can stimulate hair follicles and oil glands which are useful for improving scalp health.
  • Folic acid
    Although not guaranteed to make hair thicker, but hair serum with folic acid content is considered to help follicles produce new hair in areas experiencing baldness.
  • Essential oil
    One of the mixed ingredients in hair serum is usually a mineral oil or essential oil. The essential oils used are not arbitrary, but essential oils with natural ingredients that can nourish the hair. Some of them such as:
    • Coconut oil is useful for softening hair and making hair shinier.
    • Almond oil is useful for moisturizing the scalp.
    • Sandalwood oil to moisturize hair and scalp.
    • Chamomile oil adds shine and softness to hair.
    • Clary sage oil to promote hair growth and stimulate the scalp.
    • Geranium oil to strengthen hair.
    • Jojoba oil is useful for moisturizing hair, adding nutrition, and stimulating the scalp.
    • Lavender oil is not only useful for making hair shiny but also helps control dandruff.
    • Lemongrass oil can help reduce dandruff in the hair.

Tips for Choosing an Effective Hair Serum for Your Hair

Compared to hair vitamins or other hair care products, hair serums may be sold at a higher price, this is because the nutritional content in hair serums is more, and the content of the mixture is less than other hair care products.