Central Chemistry

Showing posts with label Drug. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Drug. Show all posts

Saturday, October 16, 2021

Agonist Beta

Agonist Beta


Beta agonists or beta adrenergic agonists are a group of drugs used to relieve or control the symptoms of narrowing of the airways caused by asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This group of drugs is a type of bronchodilator drug .

Beta agonists work by activating beta-2 cell receptors, so that the muscles in the respiratory tract are more relaxed. That way, the previously narrowed respiratory tract will be wider, the flow of air in and out of the lungs will be smoother, and complaints, such as wheezing or difficulty breathing, can subside.

According to how it works, beta agonists are divided into 3 types, namely fast acting ( short acting beta agonist / SABA), slow acting ( long acting beta agonist / LABA), and very slow acting ( ultra long acting beta agonist / ultra LABA).

Fast-acting beta agonists can be used to treat asthma attacks or sudden narrowing of the airways. While slow acting beta agonists are used to prevent or reduce the frequency of recurrence of asthma or COPD .

Precautions Before Using Beta Agonists

Adenosine

Adenosine


Adenosine is a drug used to assist the process of cardiac radiology examinations in patients who are unable to carry out normal activities. This drug will usually be used with thallium-201.

In addition, this drug is also sometimes used in the treatment of certain heart rhythm disorders, such as supraventricular tachycardia.

Adenosine has a strong cardiac vasodilator (widening blood vessel) effect, resulting in smoother blood flow. In addition, adenosine also affects the electrical activity in the heart, so it can help restore regular heart rhythm.

Adenosine trademarks: Bio ATP, Lapibion, Neuro ATP, Vitap, Pro ATP

What is Adenosine

The groupPrescription drugs
CategoryVasodilator
BenefitAs an adjunct drug in cardiac radiology examination
Consumed byAdults and children
Adenosine for pregnant and lactating womenCategory C:  Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women.

Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.

Adenosine is not known to be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.

Drug formInject

Precautions Before Using Adenosine

The following are some things you should pay attention to before using adenosine:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Adenosine should not be used by patients who are allergic to this drug.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or have had asthma , sick sinus syndrome , QT prolongation syndrome, or AV block. Adenosine should not be given to patients with these conditions.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had heart disease , hypotension, heart attack , slow heart rate ( bradycardia ), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ), seizures, or anginal chest pain .
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products,
  • See your doctor right away if you experience a drug allergic reaction , overdose, or serious side effect after using adenosine.

Adenosine Dosage and Usage

Adenosine will be injected into a vein (intravenous / IV) directly or through an IV. The injection will be carried out directly by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor at the hospital. In general, the following adenosine dosages are based on their intended use:

Adem Sari

Adem Sari


Adem Sari is useful for relieving symptoms of heartburn, such as canker sores, sore throat, and difficulty defecating. In addition, this product is also believed to help relieve flu symptoms.

In traditional medicine, internal heat is defined as a collection of complaints that occur due to consuming certain types of food too often, such as spicy foods or foods that are processed at high temperatures, such as grilled meat and fried foods.

Adem sari contains extracts of lime, pulosari, and cinnamon, which are believed to be able to relieve complaints and symptoms of heartburn. In addition, Adem Sari also contains vitamin C which is known to be good for health.

Adem Sari Products

There are two Adem Sari products available in Indonesia, namely:

  • Adem Sari
    Adem Sari containing the active ingredient extracts of lemon , cinnamon, pulosari and vitamin C . Adem Sari is packaged in the form of a sachet containing powder to be dissolved
  • Adem Sari Ching Ku
    Besides containing lime, cinnamon , and pulosari extracts , Adem Sari Ching Ku also contains liang tea extract, as well as cucumber and passion fruit juices to eliminate the bitter taste and provide freshness when drunk. Adem Sari Ching Ku is packaged in plastic bottles and cans

In addition, there is also Adem Sari Cold Water which contains minerals, such as potassium, sodium, calcium, and magnesium. This product is believed to be able to provide a cold sensation.

What is Adem Sari

The groupFree medicine
CategoryHerbal drink
BenefitRelieves symptoms of heartburn, such as canker sores , sore throat, and difficulty defecating
Consumed byAdults and children
Adem Sari for Pregnant and Breastfeeding MothersCategory N : Not yet categorized.

It is not yet known whether Adem Sari can be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not take this product without consulting your doctor first.

Medicine FormSolutions and solution powder sachets

Warning Before Consuming Adem Sari

Before consuming this product, you need to pay attention to the following:

  • Do not take Adem Sari if you are allergic to the ingredients in this product.
  • Be careful taking Adem Sari if you suffer from stomach ulcers .
  • Adem Sari contains the artificial sweetener aspartame. Do not take products containing aspartame if you have phenylketonuria .
  • Adem Sari contains vitamin C. Consult the consumption of vitamin C if you suffer from kidney stones , G6PD ( glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency ), or have experienced hemochromatosis .
  • Check with your doctor if your sore throat doesn't go away or canker sores don't go away, recur, or new canker sores appear.
  • Immediately see a doctor if an allergic reaction or overdose occurs after taking Adem Sari.

Dosage and Rules for Using Adem Sari

For adults, Adem Sari should be consumed as much as 1 pack, 2-3 times a day. For children, Adem Sari should be consumed as much as pack, 2-3 times a day. Do not consume 2 packs of Adem Sari at once, because it can increase the risk of stomach pain.

How Eating Adem Sari ith True

Be sure to read the information listed on the packaging label before consuming Adem Sari. If you have certain health conditions or are in doubt, consult your doctor before taking this product.

To consume Adem Sari in the form of a sachet, dissolve a packet of Adem Sari in 200 ml of cold water. Stir briefly until evenly and drink immediately.

For people with stomach ulcers, it is recommended to consume Adem Sari after eating, because Adem Sari contains acid and soda, thus preventing the recurrence of heartburn.

Adem Sari should be stored in a cool place and not exposed to direct sunlight.

Adem Sari's Interaction with Other Drugs

There is no known drug interaction that can occur if Adem Sari is used with other drugs, supplements, or herbal products. If you are in doubt, consult your doctor about using Adem Sari if you are undergoing treatment with certain supplements, herbal products, or medications.

Side Effects and Dangers of Adem Sari

If consumed according to the rules of use, Adem Sari rarely causes side effects. However, the vitamin C contained in Adem Sari if consumed in excess can cause abdominal pain, bloating , a burning sensation ( heartburn ), nausea, or headaches .

Check with your doctor if these side effects don't go away or get worse. In addition, you should immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after consuming Adem Sari.

Adefovir

Adefovir


Adefovir is a drug used to treat chronic hepatitis B. This medicine can be used by adults and children 12 years of age and over.

Adefovir works by lowering the amount of hepatitis B virus in the body. This drug can not eliminate the hepatitis B virus or prevent complications from this disease. In addition, adefovir also cannot prevent the spread of the hepatitis B virus to other people.

What is Adefovir

The groupAntiviral drugs
CategoryPrescription drugs
BenefitTreating chronic hepatitis B
Used byAdults and children 12 years old
Adefovir for pregnant and lactating womenCategory C: Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. The drug should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus. It is not known whether adefovir is absorbed in breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.
FormTablet

Precautions Before Taking Adefovir

Adefovir should not be used carelessly. Before taking adefovir, you need to pay attention to the following:

  • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to this medicine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking tenofovir. Adefovir should not be used in patients taking tenofovir.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from kidney disease , high blood pressure, other liver disease , or diabetes .
  • Tell your doctor if you are on hemodialysis .
  • Tell your doctor if you have HIV/AIDS and have not had treatment before.
  • Adefovir can cause lactic acidosis. Immediately see a doctor if you feel symptoms such as muscle pain, difficulty breathing, and abdominal pain.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements, or herbal products.
  • See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction or overdose after taking adefovir.

Adefovir Dosage and Use Rules

Adefovir should only be used as prescribed by a doctor . The dose of adefovir for adults and children aged 12 years and over is 10 mg once a day. Do not stop treatment without a doctor's advice.

Adapalene

Adapalene


Adapalene is a remedy for acne. This drug is useful for reducing the number and severity of acne, as well as speeding up the healing process of acne.

Adapalene belongs to the retinoid class of drugs. This drug works by triggering the process of skin growth and turnover, reduces blackheads , and relieves inflammation of the skin.

What Is Adapalene

The groupPrescription drugs
CategoryRetinoid
BenefitTreating acne
Used byAdults and children 12 years old
Adapalene for pregnant and lactating womenCategory C: Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women.

Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.

It is not known whether adapalene is absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine before consulting your doctor.

FormGel and cream

Precautions Before Using Adapalene

Adapalene should only be used according to a doctor's prescription. Consider the following before using adapalene:

  • Do not use adapalene if you are allergic to this drug. Tell your doctor if you are allergic to this medicine, retinoids, or vitamin A.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a skin disorder, such as eczema or seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements, or herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
  • Do not be exposed to direct sunlight for too long and always use sunscreen if you are active outside while undergoing treatment with adapalene, because this drug can cause the skin to sunburn more easily .
  • Avoid using adapalene on areas of skin that have been recently shaved, waxed or removed by electrolysis.
  • Do not use adapalene on skin that is sore, irritated, peeling, burned or cracked.
  • See a doctor immediately if you have  an allergic reaction to the drug  or an overdose after using adapalene.

Adapalene Dosage and Directions for Use

The dose of adapalene will be adjusted according to the severity of the condition and the patient's response to the drug.