Erectile dysfunction is a scourge for men. However, not a few men with erectile problems feel embarrassed and are reluctant to consult a doctor, even though erectile dysfunction can be overcome if the cause is known .
Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. There are 3 conditions that can be signs of erectile dysfunction , namely not being able to get an erection, being able to get an erection but only briefly, and lack of sex drive.
The triggering of a man's sexual arousal to the occurrence of an erection is a process that is not simple. The process involves the brain, nerves, muscles, blood vessels, hormones, and emotions. Erectile dysfunction usually occurs if these things experience problems.
Here are some factors that can cause erectile dysfunction:
1. Disease factor
In most cases, erectile dysfunction is caused by a medical condition, such as:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Metabolic syndrome
- Peyronie's disease
- Kidney failure
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
In addition, certain hormonal imbalances are also quite often the cause of erectile dysfunction. These conditions include hyperthyroidism (excess thyroid hormone), hypothyroidism (lack of thyroid hormone), hyperprolactinemia (excess prolactin hormone), and hypogonadism which causes a deficiency of the hormone testosterone .
2. Psychological factors
The brain plays an important role in triggering an erection. Erection begins with sexual arousal when there is stimulation. However, sexual stimulation has no effect if a man can experience stress, depression , anxiety, or other psychological problems, such as w idower sy n drome that appears when a man loses his wife.
3. Drug factor
Although it can overcome the disease, there are some drugs that cause side effects in the form of erectile dysfunction. Among others are:
- Prostate cancer drugs
- Cholesterol lowering drugs
In addition, the use of illegal drugs such as cocaine or marijuana can cause erectile dysfunction. So is alcohol. People who are already addicted to alcohol will be prone to erectile dysfunction.
4. Injury factor
Injuries to the spine, pelvis, or penis that cause nerve or blood vessel damage are at risk for erectile dysfunction. Injuries can be major injuries or minor injuries but occur repeatedly.
An example is a minor injury to the base of the penis due to riding a bicycle for a long time . Even so, now many bicycles are designed specifically to avoid this risk.
5. Factors of medical action
One of the medical procedures that are most at risk of causing erectile dysfunction is surgery on the prostate and bladder.
In addition, medical procedures on the brain, spine, and pelvis can also pose the same risk. Examples are radiation therapy for colon cancer and surgical removal of the colon.
Erectile Dysfunction Treatment Steps
Prolonged erectile dysfunction can cause harmonious relationship with a partner to be disturbed and difficulty in getting offspring . To overcome this, here are some ways you can do:
Healthy lifestyle changes
Improvements in a healthy lifestyle are known to significantly reduce the risk of erectile dysfunction. Therefore, start to implement healthy habits that include regular exercise , eating nutritious foods, and stopping smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages.
Use of drugs
Erectile dysfunction can also be treated with medications from a doctor, which include:
- Drugs taken to increase blood flow to the penis, for example Viagra
- Self-injected injection drug into the base of the penis
- Suppositories, which are inserted into the penis directly
- Hormonal drugs, such as testosterone, to treat a deficiency of these hormones
If erectile dysfunction is caused by psychological factors, such as stress or depression, your doctor may advise you to consult a psychologist. Proper psychotherapy is known to treat erectile dysfunction, even without medication.
Married men may also need joint marriage counseling with a psychologist. It is important to get tips on communication and better sexual behavior, so that erectile dysfunction does not have an impact on domestic harmony.
If a healthy lifestyle, medication, and psychotherapy still do not produce the expected results, the doctor may recommend surgery to treat erectile dysfunction.
If you experience erectile dysfunction, do not hesitate to consult an andrologist . Avoid looking for herbal or alternative treatments that are not necessarily safe and can actually cause penis damage.
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